“Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.”

Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.

This is a bad translation of the Kalama Sutta — so bad, in fact, that it contradicts the message of the sutta, which says that reason and common sense are not sufficient for ascertaining the truth.

And it’s very common as well.

Here’s the original version, from Access to Insight:

“Now, Kalamas, don’t go by reports, by legends, by traditions, by scripture, by logical conjecture, by inference, by analogies, by agreement through pondering views, by probability, or by the thought, ‘This contemplative is our teacher.’ When you know for yourselves that, ‘These qualities are skillful; these qualities are blameless; these qualities are praised by the wise; these qualities, when adopted & carried out, lead to welfare & to happiness’ — then you should enter & remain in them.

The Buddha is talking to some people who live near his home country. These people, the Kalamas, are confused by the multiplicity of teachings that they hear. Many teachers arrive, who extoll their own teachings and disparage the teachings of others. And the Kalamas want to know, “Which of these venerable brahmans and contemplatives are speaking the truth, and which ones are lying?”

The Buddha’s reply is very full, but it’s clear he says that “reason” (logical conjecture, inference, analogies, agreement through pondering views) and “common sense” (probability) are not sufficient bases for determining what the truth is. It’s not that these things should be discarded, but ultimately it’s experience and the opinion of the wise that is our guide.

So this brings up at least two questions:

1. If experience is to be our guide, does that mean we have to test out every theory and practice? No. If a teacher says something like “taking drugs is the path to happiness” you don’t have to try drugs. Your experience includes observation of other people’s experience, so that if you have seen others suffering through taking drugs you don’t have to repeat their mistakes.

2. Who is to say who the wise are? You are. Through your experience (see point 1, above), whom have you found to be reliable and insightful in the past? Those people are “the wise”. Now you don’t have to take everything they say as being the absolute truth. You can use your reason, your common sense, and your experience as a guide. Not all of “the wise” will agree, for example, so you’re still going to have to figure things out for yourself ultimately.

It’s this second criterion that is often overlooked.

The first instance of this version of the quote that I’ve found is in a libertarian book by the pseudonymous author, “John Galt” — Dreams Come Due. I strongly suspect that Galt’s libertarianism caused him to alter the quote in order to make it supportive of his position.

Incidentally, the “no matter where you read it” is an anachronism, since spiritual teachings were orally transmitted at the time of the Buddha.

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18 thoughts on ““Believe nothing, no matter where you read it, or who said it, no matter if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense.””

  1. It’s impossible to not do what the quote says. Literally. It’s ‘supposed’ to be the word of Buddha, so the only way you can reject it is to use your own common sense and reasoning. It’s self fulfilling. Properly attributed or not, it’s brilliant.

    1. Thanks, Logic Lover. Actually, people already believe what they think agrees with their “logic” (which is often faulty) and “common sense” (which is usually another word for “what we accept without thinking deeply”). So this quote could be interpreted as more or less saying “Keep believing what you believe, as well as anything that confirms those existing beliefs.”

  2. I bet that you all believe every word of the new testament, even though it was written decades after the events occurred mostly by people who weren’t there. Not to mention the several translations and edits an re-edits over the centuries that have given us dozens of “Christian ” versions.

    1. Who are you addressing your question to, Abel? If it’s me, I’m a Buddhist, not a Christian, so I’m not sure why you’d think I have a belief in the absolute truth of the New Testament.

  3. I have to disagree with the others comments. This makes sense to me in the context of religion, or I guess any authority. A lot of people do a lot of things they are very uncomfortable with because religion says so. Like polygamy, a lot of people hated it but they did it anyway because God. So if some asshole named Joseph Smith tells you to steal other peoples wives because God said he would destroy them if they didn’t accept, you would think of this quote and realize you are deeply uncomfortable with it, and therefore wouldn’t just go along with anything anyone claiming to have authority says.

  4. Realize that you have read an ENGLISH translation of the quote. And to make it worse, you based your judgement only after reading ONE version of the translations. Use common sense, if a translation uses words such as “logical conjecture”, “inference”, “analogies” and so on that translation must be HIGHLY SUBJECTIVE as Buddha could not have used those words himself. As for me, the English quotation that you stated as “bad” in fact contains the ESSENSE what Buddha tries to convey.

    1. I should mention that I studied Pali at university, am familiar with the original text, and have read numerous translations of the sutta.

      “As for me, the English quotation that you stated as “bad” in fact contains the ESSENSE what Buddha tries to convey.” Based on what evidence?

      1. Pali is my mother language. I don’t need anyone to translate and add his/her own subjective interpretation of the words.

        And since you claim to be an expert in Pali why are you still referring to someone elses translation and interpretation? Is there something wrong with yours?

        1. Pali is your mother language? It’s a classical language, not a living one. I’m afraid such a statement damages your credibility, Iqbal.

          Also, I’ve never claimed to be an expert in Pali.

          1. Busted, Santoso!

            Good comments, Bodhipaska. And I really enjoyed this short article, and this is a great site. I’m just learning about Buddhism and very attracted to it. Teachers like you help me learn the true essence of Buddha’s teachings.

  5. Hi!!! Just to see if i understand correctly: the real text says that wise human beings are a good guide but, ultimately you rely on experience and common sense to follow that guidance?

    Best regards!!!!!

    1. Kind of. You’ll learn in life, through experience, that some people are better than you are (in some respects) at knowing what’s a wise course of action and what isn’t. And so you learn, through experience, who are “the wise.” And they are one source of guidance, that can supplement your own discernment. And of course you need to reflect on their advice. Sometimes you might decide to disregard it, which you are free to do. Sometimes that’ll be the right thing to do and sometimes the wrong thing! Experience will tell!

  6. This is an excellent site. Really has exposed my own lies and inferiority complex. How much fear to defend a persona that is not real. Then most of your energy makes you feel contracted. Almost natures way of saying you must stop faking. The tricky part is to accept death and live free. Such a rare quality. However it is the only way to live. “Society is a mutual benefit scheme to preserve the
    self” -Leo Actualized.org

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